The Amazing Mystical World From Mikhail Vrubel The Genius Artist

Mikhail Vrubel: from icon to demon, the story of a new style

Vrubel is a Polish surname, but by the time Michael was born, three generations of the artist’s ancestors had already lived in Russia, choosing a military path. Michael was left without a mother early, the family moved from place to place, following his father, an officer of the Cossack army.

Passion for painting manifested itself early. The father in every possible way encouraged the hobby of the younger son. He took him to classes at art schools and studios. When it came time to choose their profession, the future master fully resigned himself to the will of his father, who believed that his son’s future should be linked to “public benefit.” Vrubel entered the University of St. Petersburg at the Faculty of Law.

   The university was finished, but the future artist was not a lawyer for a single day. He with great difficulty went through all the difficulties of the annual military service and, contrary to the wishes of his father, entered the Academy of Arts.

With artists Vrubel met while still a law student. Mikhail spent every free hour in the Hermitage, studying the works of great masters. In the artistic “get-together” of St. Petersburg he became his own long ago, managing to learn not only in the academy classes, but also in the workshops of his friends.

Teachers Vrubel noted his keen sense of form, color, the ability to convey the most complex texture. His main teacher Chistyakov considered Mikhail the most talented of his students. It was this professor who recommended the young master for the restoration of frescoes in a medieval monastery near Kiev.

The Kiev period of Vrubel’s life is closely connected with the study of the canons of Byzantine painting. The artist works with gusto, forgetting about everything. But soon the passion is replaced by throwing. The master then quits the job and leaves Kiev, then returns and takes up the restoration. Such throwing could not please the customer. To creative throwing added financial problems.

The artist contributed his own understanding of biblical subjects to his works. The church refused the services of Vrubel, and only after his death recognized his correctness and philosophical interpretation of church paintings.

After the Kiev period in the artist’s life comes the Moscow period. Vrubel’s works are not popular, he has no customers. A happy meeting with famous patron Savva Morozov allows the artist to partly solve financial problems.

During this period, the master takes a demonic theme. His series of “demons” is still considered the most famous works of the master, a textbook for the art of modernism at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Despite the undeniable genius and innovation of work, they can already see signs of the disease that interrupts the creative activity of the artist.

The patronage of Mamontov allows Vrubel to work actively in his own way, regardless of the tastes of the public. The artist draws up several opera performances, tries his hand at architecture, ceramic plastic. Criticism often responded to the work of Vrubel sharply and unfairly pejoratively.

The twentieth century brought two great tragedies to the master: his father is dying, and the long-awaited son is born in a serious defect – a hare lip. To the personal tragedies add the most severe creative depression.

In 1902, the artist is placed in a psychiatric clinic. His condition is constantly deteriorating and relatives with friends are preparing for the worst. However, the efforts of Professor Bekhtereva had success. A year later, Vrubel went to rest in the Crimea. And although he practically can not work, but there is hope for recovery. Hope collapsed at once: Vrubel loses his son.

Short periods of clarification, followed by madness … The last event that the master was able to perceive was his election as an academician in 1905.

 The next five years, the artist only existed, being a regular patient of various clinics.

Paintings by Mikhail Vrubel :

10 Famous Paintings by Wassily Kandinsky from Russia

Wassily Kandinsky is a Russian artist and art theorist who has a profound influence on the development of modern visual arts. He is a person who frees images from a limiting view and creates the basis for the evolution of abstractionism. Its enormous influence on the world of art forever changed the way perceptions of painting. The works of artists are based on philosophical positions, which continue to develop in the art of drawing.

Kandinsky, maybe, first of all, a thinker, and then an artist. He only recognizes the direction in which rich configurations can move and pursue him endlessly, giving an example to other avant-garde creators. The essence of Kandinsky’s abstraction lies in the search for music synthesis and universal painting, which are considered to be parallel to philosophy and science.

Wassily Kandinsky was born in Moscow in 1866. Since childhood, she has been surprised by various colors in nature, and she is constantly interested in art. Despite advances in economic and legal studies, he left a promising career in the social sciences to pursue creative vocations.

Claude Monet’s exhibition, which was visited by a young artist, was a decisive impetus that inspired him to devote himself to the study of art. When entering the art school in Munich, Kandinsky was 30 years old. Even without being accepted for the first time, he continued to study independently.

Vasilyevich easily spent two years in art school, followed by a wandering period. The artist visited the Netherlands, France, Italy and Tunisia. At that time, he created paintings under the strong influence of post-impressionism, revived his childhood in Russia in the creative landscape which was an idealistic significance for artists. He settled in the city of Murnau, near Munich, and continued to explore the landscape, giving them strong lines and bold and hard colors.

Kandinsky pondered music, trying to convey abstract features in other art forms. In 1911, a group of like-minded artists led by Kandinsky was formed in Munich. They call themselves “Blue Rider” – “Der Blaue Reiter”. Among the participants were famous German expressionists such as Avgust Macke and Franz Marc. This group published the almanac with its own views on contemporary art and held two exhibitions, after which it disbanded at the beginning of the First World War in 1914.

The transition to the use of basic pictorial elements marks the beginning of the dramatic period in Kandinsky’s work and bodes for the appearance of abstract art. He composed a new style, now known as lyrical abstraction. Artists, through drawing and drawing, imitating the flow and depth of musical works, coloring reflects the theme of deep contemplation. In 1912, he wrote and published a basic study “On the Spiritual in Art.”

In 1914, Kandinsky had to return to Russia, but he did not stop experimenting. He even participated in the restructuring of Russian artistic institutions after the revolution. But the true meaning of his clever innovation became apparent only in 1923 after he returned to Germany and joined the Bauhaus teaching staff, where he befriended other creative avant-garde artists, Paul Klee.

Kandinsky works on a new graph formula consisting of lines, points, and combined geometric numbers that represent his visual and intellectual research. Lyrical abstraction shifts towards a more structured scientific composition.

After ten years of work in 1933, the Nazi authorities closed the Bauhaus school. Kandinsky was forced to move to France, where he spent the rest of his life.

The last eleven years, the Russian genius has devoted a constant search to the great synthesis of abstract ideas and visual inventions. He returned to color and intense lyrics, reaffirming his original views about the true nature of painting. The great artist took French citizenship and created a number of famous works of art in his new homeland. He died in 1944 in the city of Neuilly at the age of 77 years.

In 1937, the new Nazi authorities proclaimed the works of Wassily Kandinsky, as well as the works of contemporaries Mark Chagall, Paul Klee, Franz Marc and Pete Mondrian, “degenerate art”, and two years later, more than a thousand paintings and thousands sketches burned in public at the fire station. in Berlin. Nevertheless, the convincing power of Wassily Kandinsky’s cult artwork did not dim under the pain of history and became a winner in the art history scene.

Painting by Wassily Kandinsky:

# “Sequence”, 1935
This is actually a musical work, marked by the final period in Kandinsky’s work. Closed fields with scattered composition elements flow to certain forms. The artist returns to his original abstract.

# “Blue Rider”, 1903

This image serves as inspiration for the creation of one of the most influential groups in the history of modern art – Der Blaue Reiter. This initial work was written on the threshold of abstraction.

# “Basket beach in the Netherlands”, 1904
Landscape, borrowed from a trip to the Netherlands. This scene is thought to be influenced by impressionism.

# “Autumn in Murnau”, 1908
The gradual transition to abstraction is characterized by expressionism in the landscape.

# “Akhtyrka. The Red Church “, 1908
The Russian landscape where the artist revived his longing.

Read : 7 Women of Russian Artists We Need to Know

# “Mountain”, 1909
The landscape is almost completely abstract with small contours involving hills and human figures.

# “First Abstract Watercolor”, 1910
This work has historical value, as Kandinsky watercolor which is entirely the first abstract.

# “Improvisation 10”, 1910
Improvisation in drawing and color gives clues, but does not fully express and concretize images. Initial abstraction.

# “Lyrical”, 1911

In his paintings, the artist often relies on musical ideas, so the lyrical nature of his sweep appears naturally. This is one of his “artistic poems”.

# “Composition IV”, 1911
There is a story that Kandinsky says has completed the picture, but as soon as his assistant plays it on the other side, the perspective and overall impression of the canvas changes, which makes him beautiful.