Painting of The Card Players – Paul Cezanne is The Most Expensive Painting In the World

Gambler Paul Cezanne
Even before the emir from Qatar obtained the Gauguin painting, in 2011 he bought the work of Paul Cézanne “The Card Players”, which was created by 1892-1893 “Card Players” was part of a cycle of five entries. Until 2015, the painting remains the most expensive painting in the world that has been offered for sale in the past one and a half centuries.

Paul Cezanne (1839-1906) – French painter, a bright representative of impressionism. Cezanne’s artistic heritage is more than 800 works in oil, not including watercolor and other works. No one can count the number of works destroyed, as imperfect, by the artist himself for many years of his career. Recognition was received 2 years before his death, when in 1904 his exhibition was held in Paris.

In his work, the artist tries to reconcile classics and modernity, nature, the law of great style and the right to individual choice. The task that Cezanne set for herself, in principle, was impractical, which had determined the artist’s doubts. This painting was contested between the biggest sportsbook agent in South-East Asia to be the prize. It’s surprising that gambling in South-East Asia has growing in rapid movement, such as judi bola Indonesia which in 2018 shows positive movement in terms of variety of product and technology.

Cezanne wants her models to remain silent like apples, and dream of surprising all of Paris with an apple. The main task of Cezanne has always been considered to understand the essence of object form – to do it more reliably and efficiently, when objects do not distract artists with fussiness and change in posture. The subject’s world in the artist’s painting is alive. Apples, peaches, jugs – objects with soul and inner emanations.

The artists’ early works were distinguished by rich and dark palettes. He was bright when Cezanne began working with Impressionist Camille Pissarro. And his passion for watercolors in the last years of his life turned oil paintings into transparent ones, according to artchive.ru.

The most famous paintings by Paul Cezanne: “Card Players”, “Great Baths”, “Mount Saint-Victoire”, “Still Life with Apples and Oranges”, “Man with a Pipe”, “Still Life with a Plaster Cupid” .

Interesting facts

  • Most likely, games in pictures are not for money, because they are not represented in one of them. Some suggested that the calm expression on the faces of the players and the lack of money on the table indicated that characters might play gin.
  • One of the “Card Player” paintings in 2011 sold for a record amount of $ 250 million at that time. The canvas was obtained by the Qatari royal family from Greek prominent figure Georgy Embirikos.
  • One of the “Player on card” paintings was stolen in 1961 right during the exhibition in Paris, along with several other paintings. The details of the painting’s return were unclear: some sources claimed that they were returned after paying a ransom after a few months, others that the stolen works were found a year later in a abandoned car in Marseille.
  • To show the print of the possible loss of this painting, a stamp was published in France dedicated to the theft of a painting.
  • Canvas serves as inspiration for the creation of a series of 9 cartoon “Dogs Playing Poker” by American artist Cassius Marcellus Coolidge.

Self-portrait of Artemisia Gentileschi

Last week, the residence of the Paris Drouot auction marketed previously unknown images of Artemisia Gentileschi, a representative from Italian Baroque and the first woman who was a member of the Florence Academy of Fine Arts. “Self-portraits in the image of St Catherine” discovered and identified by Christophe Joron-Derem, the authorship of Artemisia Gentileschi was confirmed by an experienced artist in the field of painting Eric Turcan (Éric Turquin). The organizers aspire that the painting will be marketed for 300-400 thousand euros, but as a result of the offer price, taking into account the auction residence commission, amounting to 2,310,600 euros – a record number for Artemisia Gentileschi paintings.

Artemisia Gentileschi ” Self-portrait in the image of St. Catherine” (1614 – 1616)

Artemisia Gentilesky’s creativity (1593 – during 1656) of the use of extended time did not appeal to the attention of all historians and art collectors. The interest in the spectacular paintings and biographies of the artist began to increase from the 1970s, and now not a few people call him the second most important Italian artist of the 17th century after Caravaggio.

These artists sprang up in Rome, in the family of Tuscan Orazio Gentileschi painters, who were working at the time in the frescoes of the Vatican Library and close to Caravaggio. Even though Orazio had many sons again, it was the daughter who turned out to be the ablest to paint, so the father began to submit lessons to him. One of his favorite paintings is Susanna and the Elders (1610 – 1611, the collection of Weisenstein Palace). Experienced people believe that in this picture Artemisia Gentileschi can combine Caravaggio’s realism with the tradition of Annibale Carracci and artists different from the Bologna school.

Artemisia Gentileschi “Susanna and the Elders”

It is worth copying that Susanna, written by Artemisia Gentileschi, was not a passive participant in these events, which did not indicate a strong reaction to them, as in the majority of paintings on this subject that was previously created. The image shows that the abuse of all elders resulted in women’s heroes suffering. Maybe this picture has illustrated the history of the artist himself. In 1611, Orazio Gentileschi worked with artist Agostino Tassi in a mural at the Roman Palazzo Pallavicini-Rospilosi. Tassi became a mentor for Artemisia. Immediately Tassi raped the girl. After that, they lived together for some time, and Artemisia aspired to Agostino Tassi to marry her. But he had no intention of getting married, and, in the end, Artemisia’s father claimed Agostino Tassi. Artemisia must go through a lengthy legal process, reduce procedures for checking and even interrogating torture. Tassi was married, but she hid this fact from Artemisia and her family. He was convicted and sentenced to a year in prison.

Artemisia Gentileschi “Judith and Holofernes” (1612)

In 1612, when the trial was not finished, Artemisia once recorded a picture of “Judith and Holofernes” (Museum of Capodimonte, Naples). Despite being provoked by Caravaggio, who also painted a picture of this plot, it might be more expressive, and Judith felt no doubt when cracking down on Holofernes. It is believed that Artemisia Gentileschi gave the characteristics of the female hero himself, and Holofernes gave up the appearance of Agostino Tassi. Then, he will return to this story (a picture in the Uffizi Gallery), and also many times will take note of Judith and a waiter carrying the severed head of Holofernes.

Shortly after the trial, Artemisia Gentileschi married Pierantoni and Stiattesi, who, according to testimony from one testimony, was an artist who was not well-known, and according to information from another, a lawyer. He left Rome and his father’s family and went to Florence. With the fastest, she was successful as an artist, and her husband arranged his affair (according to the legal statements during those times, a woman was not allowed to create her contract). He communicated with highly respected artists at that time, like Cristofano Allori, enjoying the support and protection of Cosimo II Medici and his mother, Grand Duchess Christina from Lorraine, saving his letter to Galileo Galilei, indicating acquaintances of artists and scientists. The first of all women he was a member of the Florence Academy of Fine Arts.

Artemisia Gentileschi “Mary Magdalene” (1616-1618, Palazzo Pitti, Florence)

Michelangelo Buonarroti Jr. (Michelangelo’s grandniece) invited him with different artists to create ceiling paintings at Casa Buonarroti. Each artist is asked to reflect the allegory between qualities related to Michelangelo. Artemisia indicates the Allegoria Natural Talent (Allegoria dell’Inclinazione) in the image of a naked girl holding a compass. As in not a few other cases, he blesses a girl who is reflected in her nature.

Allegoria dell’Inclinazione, 1615

In Florence, Artemisia and Pierantoni Stiattesi had four children, but two of them died early. Only in the 21st century did one more detail become clear about the life of Artemisia Gentileschi in Florence. The researchers pursued correspondence from 1616-1620, from which it was followed that the artist had an affair with the wealthy Florentine aristocrat Francesco Maringa, and Artemisia’s husband was aware of all the events and even corresponded with Maringa behind a love letter written by his wife. However, in 1620, rumors about the novel seemed to have spread best. Besides, financial problems began to haunt the family, the year before the greatest philanthropist Cosimo Medici died, and Artemisia Gentileschi and her husband returned to Rome.

Artemisia Gentileschi “Prison and Sisara” (around 1620, Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest)

Artemisia Gentileschi “Sleeping Venus” (1626, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts)

But Artemisia came to Rome no longer as a young girl, but all people had gossiped after the court which was a shame, but a famous artist. He received orders from kings and dukes, known as fellow painters. Right, at that moment he broke up with her husband, who, perhaps, was not satisfied with his wife’s fame. In 1627 – 1630, Artemisia Gentileschi worked in Venice, then moved to Naples, and in 1634 accepted the invitation of King Charles I and went to London. He worked there for many years, but not much is known about his final years. The researchers believe that in 1642 when civil war broke out in England, Artemisia Gentileschi had left the country. It is understood that in 1648 he resettled in Naples. For a long time, it was believed that the artist died in 1652 or 1653, but a search in the documentation shows that he received orders since 1654. It is now thought that Artemisia fell victim to the epidemic in 1656, which killed not a few Neapolitans.

Artemisia Gentileschi “Madonna and Child with a Rose Garden” (1651)

In 1947, public attention to the fate of Artemisia Gentileschi attracted the book of Italian writers and art historian Anna Banti, written in a diary format. In the 1980s, he became the leading figure in the drama “Life without prompt” by Canadian drama writer Sally Clark. In 1997, the French feature film “Artemisia” and a British detective television series appeared, reflecting the fiction of the kidnapping of his painting “Judith and Holofernes.” In 2002, a novel about the artist wrote Susan Vryland, in 2016 – Lisa Hilton, and in 2018 the appearance of a book by Joy McCulloch concerning litigation on the issue of Artemisia Gentileschi.

In 2014, images of Artemisia Gentileschi “Ecstasy of Mary Magdalene” were found in France and marketed at the Sotheby’s auction in Paris for 1,179,832 dollars. Now this record is exceeded. The buyer of the painting remains unknown, and art historians have regretted that, it could be substantial, it is a private collection, while the works of Artemisia Gentileschi cannot boast a large museum like the Louvre, the National Gallery in London or the Getty Museum.

7 Fates of Famous Women Painters We Don’t Know

About images, we first know two things: the author and, perhaps, the history of a canvas. But about the fate of those who see us from the painting, we don’t know much.

Art19.info decided to talk about women whose faces we know well, but their stories don’t.

Zhanna Samary
Auguste Renoir, “Portrait of Actress Jeanne Samary,” 1877

Actress Jeanne Samary, although she could not be the star of the scene (she played most servants), but she was lucky with something else: for some time she lived not far from the workshop of Renoir, who in 1877-1878 wrote four of her portraits, thus glorifying more than what her acting career can do. Zhanna played in shows at the age of 18, she married at age 25 and gave birth to three children, then even wrote children’s books. But this charming woman lives, unfortunately, not for long: at the age of 33 she suffered from typhoid fever and died.

Cecilia Gallerani
Leonardo da Vinci, “Lady with a Ermine”, 1489-1490

Cecilia Gallerani is a girl from an Italian noble family who, at the age of 10 (!) Year, was engaged. However, when the girl was 14 years old, the engagement was terminated for unknown reasons, and Cecilia was sent to the monastery, where she met (or all were arranged) with Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza. An affair began, Cecilia became pregnant, and the duke placed the girl in her palace, but then it was time to enter a dynastic marriage with another woman, who, of course, did not like the presence of the mistress in their home. Then after Gallerani’s birth, the duke took her son, and she married her impoverished nation.

In this marriage, Cecilia gave birth to four children, retained almost all the first literary salons in Europe, visited dukes at a party and enjoyed playing with her son from the new mistress. After a while, Chechiliya’s husband died, the war came, she lost his wealth and found shelter in the house of the sister of the Duke’s wife – in extraordinary relationships, so she succeeded with people. After the war, Gallerani returned his land, where he lived until his death at the age of 63.

Zinaida Yusupova
V.A. Serov, “Portrait of Princess Zinaida Yusupova”, 1902

Russia’s richest heir, the last of the Yusupov family, Princess Zinaida was very handsome, and, even though her grandfather was wanted, among other things, she wanted to marry because of love. She fulfills her wish: a happy marriage and brings two sons. Yusupova spent a lot of time and energy on charity, and after the revolution, she continued in emigration. Her beloved eldest son died in a duel when the daughter was 47 years old, and she barely suffered this loss. With the start of the riots, Yusupov left St. Petersburg and settled in Rome, and after her husband’s death, the princess moved to her son in Paris, where she spent the rest of her days.

Maria Lopukhina
V.L. Borovikovsky, “Portrait of MI Lopukhina”, 1797

Borovikovsky wrote many portraits of Russian aristocratic women, but this one was the most charming. Maria Lopukhina, a representative from the family of Prince Tolstoy, was described here at the age of 18. Her husband Stepan Avraamovich Lopukhin commissioned the portrait shortly after the wedding. The ease and appearance of a rather arrogant seem to be the usual pose for pictures of the era of sentimentalism or signs of melancholy and poetic character. The fate of this mysterious girl turned out to be sad: only 6 years after writing the picture, Maria died of consumption.

Giovanina and Amaziliya Pacini
Karl Bryullov, “The Horsewoman,” 1832

Bryullov’s “Horsewoman” is a brilliant formal portrait where everything is luxurious: the brightness of colors, the magnificence of curtains, and the beauty of the model. It describes two girls bearing the family name Pacini: the oldest Jovanina sits on a horse, the younger Amazilya looks at her from the terrace. Picture of Karl Bryullov – her long-time lover – ordered by their adoptive mother, Countess Yulia Pavlovna Samoilova, one of the most beautiful women in Russia and the heir to the colossal state. For girls who are adults, the Countess guarantees a large dowry. But it turns out that at her old age he practically fell, and then the adopted daughter of Jovanine and Amaziliy, through the court, collected from the countess on the promised money and property.

Simonetta Vespucci
Sandro Botticelli, “Birth of Venus,” 1482-1486

The famous Botticelli painting depicts Simonetta Vespucci – the first beauty of Renaissance Florentine. Simonetta’s life can be said to be a reasonably respected and wealthy family when Simonetta moved to the age of 16, and she decided to marry Marco Vespucci (Marco Vespucci was a relative of Amerigo Vespucci, whom we know as the “inventor” of the Americas). After the wedding, newlyweds who settled in Florence were taken to the Lorenzo Medici court, in amazing years with extraordinary parties and receptions.

The beautiful, very simple, and generous Simonetta quickly fell in love with the Florentine man. Ruler Florence Lorenzo himself tried to take care of her, but her brother, Giuliano, was most active in pursuing him. Simonetta’s beauty inspired many artists at that time, including Sandro Botticelli. It is believed that since their meeting, the model of all Madonn and Venus by Botticelli is Simonetta. At the age of 23, Simonetta died of consumption, despite the efforts of the best court doctors. After that, the artist described her muse only from memory, and in his old age, she left to be buried next to it, which was finished.

Vera Mamontova
V.A. Serov, “Girl with Peaches,” 1887

The most famous painting from the master portrait of Valentin Serov painted on the plantation of a wealthy businessman Savva Ivanovich Mamontov. Every day for two months, the artist poses for her 12-year-old daughter Vera. The girl grew and turned into a charming girl, married with mutual love with Alexander Samarin, who belonged to a famous noble family. After the honeymoon in Italy, the family settled in the city of Bogorodsk, where three children were born one by one. But unexpectedly in December 1907, only 5 years after the marriage, Vera Savvishna died of pneumonia. She is only 32 years old, and her husband has never remarried.

7 Women of Russian Artists We Need to Know

From realist novels to romantic poetry, from Kandinsky to Chagall: Russia has not a few things to offer in so many types of art. Although male artists are well-known, women’s contributions to Russian customs are common and fine art has never been insignificant. Here we select the names that need to be known.

Natalia Goncharova (1881 -1962)

Natalia Goncharova is a controversial figure in both life and art. Despite his success at the institution, he resigned from the Moscow Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture before graduating. He lived with his long-term partner, Mikhail Larionov, long before they married, which was the act of true courage in the early 20th century. His art combines Primitivism and Cubism with Russian folk art and Orthodox icons. Goncharova is one of the key figures of the Russian avant-garde movement. One of his works, Tsvety (Flowers), is marketed at auction at Christie for a record solution of more than $ 10,000,000.

Lyubov Popova (1889-1924)

Lyubov Popova is a true revolutionary painter. He strongly believes in the ideals of the Socialist revolution and peaceful communal life. His belief in pursuing reflection in his art: he moved from Suprematism to Constructivism, to finally leave the canvas and devote himself to the design of textiles and poster art, making Bolshevik pamphlets. He is the most widely traveled and international influences are evident in his art.

Sonya Terk-Delaunay (1885-1979)

Sonya Trek-Delaunay sprang up in Russia, but he received education and drained much of his life in France. His painting career developed after he married Robert Delaunay, the famous French avant-garde painter. The couple is one of the founders of the Orphism movement, writing for powerful color use and geometric formats. Sonya claims that her attention to color is a memory of her childhood in Russia. He is the first female artist to live for a retrospective exhibition at the Louvre in Paris.

Olga Rozanova (1886 -1918)

Olga Rozanova did not have formal art education, but her paintings moved the Russian avant-garde movement. He belongs to the Malevich Suprematist movement, but his painting stands out because of the decorative elements in it, and he was provoked by Futurism. Just before his death, he made a series of the most colorful paintings, which are often witnessed as the forerunners of the Abstract Expressionism movement developed in America about 30 years later.

Alexandra Exeter (1882-1949)

Alexandra Exeter is a citizen of a true country in the world. He was initiated in the Russian Empire in a modern Polish district. His father was Belarusian, his mother was Greek and he received his initial education in Kiev. Most of his professional life is connected with Paris, Moscow and St. Petersburg. He drained his time in Paris exploring Cubism and he was friends with Pablo Picasso. He then returned to his native Russia and was among the main figures of the Constructivist movement. In 1924 he emigrated back to Paris, where he drained the rest of his life.

Maria Gorodeckaya (b.1988)

Maria Gorodeckaya is an educated Moscow-born artist in London who focuses on exploring long-suppressed femininity in the modern world. His artwork exceeds the boundaries of what is purely visual, when he combines poetry, sculpture, piercings and sex toys into his installation. He is one of the stars who is rising from the arena of Russian contemporary art.

Taus Makhacheva (b.1983)

Taus Makhacheva is an artist from Dagestani who received comprehensive art education in Moscow and London. The arts, the majority of which are documented in the video format, focus and aim to subvert the most important role of hyper-traditional gender in the lives of the Dagestan people. These works from Taus Makhacheva can be found in a collection of leading contemporary art galleries in all the world.

11 Important Things about Spot Instagrammable at MoJa Museum

For all millenials who like photos and uploads on Instagram, there is a new instagrammable spot in the Pondok Indah area, which has the name MoJa Museum. Only 600 meters from Pondok Indah Mall 2, MoJa Museum is an attractive art space that tells you to explore space after space.

MoJa stands for the Museum of Jakarta. Occupying a classic residence location in the Pondok Indah area, the MoJa Museum transforms the 2nd floor into a maze. The design was created with the latest trends and consists of a number of rooms with different themes. The MoJa Museum is designed by six talented young people with diverse backgrounds, like art history and business.

Here are 10 urgent things about the MoJa Museum that you need to know before coming there:

1. Divided into 14 rooms

On a floor area of ​​700 square meters, the MoJa Museum elevates the cinema or cinema theme. MoJa Museum has thematic rooms inspired by famous films, like Captain Snowman’s Underpants, Flower Gump, (500) Seats of Summer, Charlie and the Millennial Pink Candy Room and still not a few more.

Make sure you feel every room, because the MoJa Museum is a one way trip museum or not allowed to go back to the previous room.

2. We can touch, draw, and even jump in this museum

In contrast to museums in general, we are welcome to engage in activities as exciting as possible, but still guard the property and calm down.

3. There are always surprises

For all visitors who have sprung up in the 1980s and 1990s, the MoJa Ready Player room will definitely bring nostalgia in childhood. This room is designed as an arcade with four toy options, like Mega Man ,Mario Bros, Street Fighter  and Pokemon. Unfortunately, this game is merely a demo video.

Because MoJa is a Museum of Jakarta, there are a number of iconic images that represent Indonesia, especially Jakarta. Like the picture of Monas and Es Cendol in The Godfather’s Red Room

4. Spot #OOTD that you should look forward to

The 14 rooms that are the most unique MoJa Museum. Some of them have backgrounds and angles that are very suitable for Instagram feeds, like Colorception, Cloud with a Swing of Happiness, and School of Disco Colorception.

5. Tickets can be purchased on the spot

Entrance tickets for MoJa are opened from Rp. 90,000 to Rp. 125,000. MoJa Museum’s operational hours are divided into three sessions, namely 11.00-13.30, 14.00-16.30, and 17.00-19.00. MoJa Museum starts every day and is very easy to find on the Metro Pondok Indah protocol road.

6. There are limits to the times in each room

As in the location of The Pursuit of Butter, there is one ball bearing similar to a popcorn package that you can dive into as much as you like, but the MoJa Museum staff will give you only 3 minutes. Some different areas were given 10 minutes to avoid the queues that were too long.

7. Representation of brands as sponsors

MoJa Museum is sponsored by the Marie Regal brand, Oasis mineral water, Snowman, and Lion Parcel. Creatively, all inhouse designers create a theme space that represents the brand. Sponsored by the Snowman marker brand, the location of Captain Snowman’s Underpants tells you to draw and paint the mural wall with a giant marker. Create your work and you can’t forget to capture it on social media.

8. Appropriate outfit

CASA Indonesia recommends that you wear clothes as comfortable as possible, edgy for #OOTD, and try not to wear skirts. Many activities at MoJa Museum are like playing a cradle on the Cloud with a Swing of Happiness, mirroring the floor of the School of Disco, bathing the ball at The Pursuit of Butter, and lying down on the bean bag Catch Me if Lion Can, will feel more comfortable if you can freely move.

The last one, can’t miss the blower at the Marie Me location! sponsored by Marie Regal. With gusts of wind from below, you will be surrounded by pieces of Marie Regal packaging that fly with the thrill.

9. Only starts until January 2019

It is planned that the MoJa Museum will process the theme every 3 months and the location can be switched from Pondok Indah, so make sure you cannot miss this Instagrammable location.

10. Prepare a decent battery or power bank

MoJa Museum allows you to take as many portraits as you like in the period specified in each room, so make sure your gadget and camera are fully charged.

11. Free souvenirs

MoJa Museum delivers small snacks that you can enjoy while in the room, like candy, popcorn, jelly beans, and biscuits. Some of you can take it home, whereas there is one room that only allows you to consume it in place.

The Amazing Mystical World From Mikhail Vrubel The Genius Artist

Mikhail Vrubel: from icon to demon, the story of a new style

Vrubel is a Polish surname, but by the time Michael was born, three generations of the artist’s ancestors had already lived in Russia, choosing a military path. Michael was left without a mother early, the family moved from place to place, following his father, an officer of the Cossack army.

Passion for painting manifested itself early. The father in every possible way encouraged the hobby of the younger son. He took him to classes at art schools and studios. When it came time to choose their profession, the future master fully resigned himself to the will of his father, who believed that his son’s future should be linked to “public benefit.” Vrubel entered the University of St. Petersburg at the Faculty of Law.

   The university was finished, but the future artist was not a lawyer for a single day. He with great difficulty went through all the difficulties of the annual military service and, contrary to the wishes of his father, entered the Academy of Arts.

With artists Vrubel met while still a law student. Mikhail spent every free hour in the Hermitage, studying the works of great masters. In the artistic “get-together” of St. Petersburg he became his own long ago, managing to learn not only in the academy classes, but also in the workshops of his friends.

Teachers Vrubel noted his keen sense of form, color, the ability to convey the most complex texture. His main teacher Chistyakov considered Mikhail the most talented of his students. It was this professor who recommended the young master for the restoration of frescoes in a medieval monastery near Kiev.

The Kiev period of Vrubel’s life is closely connected with the study of the canons of Byzantine painting. The artist works with gusto, forgetting about everything. But soon the passion is replaced by throwing. The master then quits the job and leaves Kiev, then returns and takes up the restoration. Such throwing could not please the customer. To creative throwing added financial problems.

The artist contributed his own understanding of biblical subjects to his works. The church refused the services of Vrubel, and only after his death recognized his correctness and philosophical interpretation of church paintings.

After the Kiev period in the artist’s life comes the Moscow period. Vrubel’s works are not popular, he has no customers. A happy meeting with famous patron Savva Morozov allows the artist to partly solve financial problems.

During this period, the master takes a demonic theme. His series of “demons” is still considered the most famous works of the master, a textbook for the art of modernism at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Despite the undeniable genius and innovation of work, they can already see signs of the disease that interrupts the creative activity of the artist.

The patronage of Mamontov allows Vrubel to work actively in his own way, regardless of the tastes of the public. The artist draws up several opera performances, tries his hand at architecture, ceramic plastic. Criticism often responded to the work of Vrubel sharply and unfairly pejoratively.

The twentieth century brought two great tragedies to the master: his father is dying, and the long-awaited son is born in a serious defect – a hare lip. To the personal tragedies add the most severe creative depression.

In 1902, the artist is placed in a psychiatric clinic. His condition is constantly deteriorating and relatives with friends are preparing for the worst. However, the efforts of Professor Bekhtereva had success. A year later, Vrubel went to rest in the Crimea. And although he practically can not work, but there is hope for recovery. Hope collapsed at once: Vrubel loses his son.

Short periods of clarification, followed by madness … The last event that the master was able to perceive was his election as an academician in 1905.

 The next five years, the artist only existed, being a regular patient of various clinics.

Paintings by Mikhail Vrubel :

10 Famous Paintings by Wassily Kandinsky from Russia

Wassily Kandinsky is a Russian artist and art theorist who has a profound influence on the development of modern visual arts. He is a person who frees images from a limiting view and creates the basis for the evolution of abstractionism. Its enormous influence on the world of art forever changed the way perceptions of painting. The works of artists are based on philosophical positions, which continue to develop in the art of drawing.

Kandinsky, maybe, first of all, a thinker, and then an artist. He only recognizes the direction in which rich configurations can move and pursue him endlessly, giving an example to other avant-garde creators. The essence of Kandinsky’s abstraction lies in the search for music synthesis and universal painting, which are considered to be parallel to philosophy and science.

Wassily Kandinsky was born in Moscow in 1866. Since childhood, she has been surprised by various colors in nature, and she is constantly interested in art. Despite advances in economic and legal studies, he left a promising career in the social sciences to pursue creative vocations.

Claude Monet’s exhibition, which was visited by a young artist, was a decisive impetus that inspired him to devote himself to the study of art. When entering the art school in Munich, Kandinsky was 30 years old. Even without being accepted for the first time, he continued to study independently.

Vasilyevich easily spent two years in art school, followed by a wandering period. The artist visited the Netherlands, France, Italy and Tunisia. At that time, he created paintings under the strong influence of post-impressionism, revived his childhood in Russia in the creative landscape which was an idealistic significance for artists. He settled in the city of Murnau, near Munich, and continued to explore the landscape, giving them strong lines and bold and hard colors.

Kandinsky pondered music, trying to convey abstract features in other art forms. In 1911, a group of like-minded artists led by Kandinsky was formed in Munich. They call themselves “Blue Rider” – “Der Blaue Reiter”. Among the participants were famous German expressionists such as Avgust Macke and Franz Marc. This group published the almanac with its own views on contemporary art and held two exhibitions, after which it disbanded at the beginning of the First World War in 1914.

The transition to the use of basic pictorial elements marks the beginning of the dramatic period in Kandinsky’s work and bodes for the appearance of abstract art. He composed a new style, now known as lyrical abstraction. Artists, through drawing and drawing, imitating the flow and depth of musical works, coloring reflects the theme of deep contemplation. In 1912, he wrote and published a basic study “On the Spiritual in Art.”

In 1914, Kandinsky had to return to Russia, but he did not stop experimenting. He even participated in the restructuring of Russian artistic institutions after the revolution. But the true meaning of his clever innovation became apparent only in 1923 after he returned to Germany and joined the Bauhaus teaching staff, where he befriended other creative avant-garde artists, Paul Klee.

Kandinsky works on a new graph formula consisting of lines, points, and combined geometric numbers that represent his visual and intellectual research. Lyrical abstraction shifts towards a more structured scientific composition.

After ten years of work in 1933, the Nazi authorities closed the Bauhaus school. Kandinsky was forced to move to France, where he spent the rest of his life.

The last eleven years, the Russian genius has devoted a constant search to the great synthesis of abstract ideas and visual inventions. He returned to color and intense lyrics, reaffirming his original views about the true nature of painting. The great artist took French citizenship and created a number of famous works of art in his new homeland. He died in 1944 in the city of Neuilly at the age of 77 years.

In 1937, the new Nazi authorities proclaimed the works of Wassily Kandinsky, as well as the works of contemporaries Mark Chagall, Paul Klee, Franz Marc and Pete Mondrian, “degenerate art”, and two years later, more than a thousand paintings and thousands sketches burned in public at the fire station. in Berlin. Nevertheless, the convincing power of Wassily Kandinsky’s cult artwork did not dim under the pain of history and became a winner in the art history scene.

Painting by Wassily Kandinsky:

# “Sequence”, 1935
This is actually a musical work, marked by the final period in Kandinsky’s work. Closed fields with scattered composition elements flow to certain forms. The artist returns to his original abstract.

# “Blue Rider”, 1903

This image serves as inspiration for the creation of one of the most influential groups in the history of modern art – Der Blaue Reiter. This initial work was written on the threshold of abstraction.

# “Basket beach in the Netherlands”, 1904
Landscape, borrowed from a trip to the Netherlands. This scene is thought to be influenced by impressionism.

# “Autumn in Murnau”, 1908
The gradual transition to abstraction is characterized by expressionism in the landscape.

# “Akhtyrka. The Red Church “, 1908
The Russian landscape where the artist revived his longing.

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# “Mountain”, 1909
The landscape is almost completely abstract with small contours involving hills and human figures.

# “First Abstract Watercolor”, 1910
This work has historical value, as Kandinsky watercolor which is entirely the first abstract.

# “Improvisation 10”, 1910
Improvisation in drawing and color gives clues, but does not fully express and concretize images. Initial abstraction.

# “Lyrical”, 1911

In his paintings, the artist often relies on musical ideas, so the lyrical nature of his sweep appears naturally. This is one of his “artistic poems”.

# “Composition IV”, 1911
There is a story that Kandinsky says has completed the picture, but as soon as his assistant plays it on the other side, the perspective and overall impression of the canvas changes, which makes him beautiful.